Which Fabric Is Used for Hospital Scrubs?

Doctors in the 1800s wore black coats stained with pus and blood which were often considered badges of honour. Infection control wasn’t protocol yet and the common belief was – the bigger the stains, the better the surgeon!

By the early 1900s white surgical gowns made of muslin had become the norm as hospital scrub suits, but muslin gowns became ineffective rapidly as they would be impractical once they got wet.

Which Fabric Is Used for Hospital Scrubs?

In the healthcare industry, where comfort, functionality, and hygiene are important, the choice of fabric for hospital scrubs becomes a tough decision. Healthcare professionals, including doctors and nurses, rely on scrubs that not only provide ease of movement but also maintain a clean and sterile environment. In this guide, we dive into the best materials for medical scrubs, offering insights into the fabric choices that define nursing uniforms and scrubs for doctors.

Introduction to Scrub Fabric Choices

Hospital scrubs come in a variety of fabrics, each with its own set of advantages and considerations. The two primary contenders are cotton and polyester, both widely used for their distinct qualities. Let's explore the characteristics that make them suitable for medical apparel.

Cotton Scrubs: The Classic Choice

Cotton has long been a favored material for medical scrubs, thanks to its natural properties. Cotton scrubs are breathable, allowing air circulation that helps keep healthcare professionals cool during long shifts. The absorbent nature of cotton also makes it an excellent choice for wicking away moisture, and keeping the wearer dry.

Polyester Viscose Scrubs: The Modern Alternative

In the dynamic landscape of medical apparel, polyester viscose scrubs have emerged as a modern alternative that combines style, functionality, and durability. This guide explores the unique qualities of polyester viscose fabric and why it has become a preferred choice for healthcare professionals seeking contemporary and practical scrub options.

The Advantages of Polyester Viscose Scrubs

Comfort and Breathability

Polyester viscose scrubs strike a balance between comfort and breathability. The natural fibers from viscose contribute to a soft and breathable feel against the skin, ensuring healthcare professionals remain comfortable during demanding work hours.

Durability and Longevity

One of the standout features of polyester viscose fabric is its durability. The polyester fibers enhance the scrub's resistance to wear and tear, making it a robust choice for those working in high-paced healthcare environments. This durability ensures that polyester viscose scrubs maintain their integrity and appearance even after repeated washes.

Modern Aesthetics

Polyester viscose scrubs offer a sleek and modern aesthetic, making them a preferred choice for healthcare professionals who prioritize a polished and contemporary look. The fabric drapes well, providing a tailored appearance that aligns with the evolving style preferences in the medical field.

Polyester Viscose vs. Other Scrub Materials

While cotton remains a classic choice for scrubs, polyester viscose distinguishes itself by offering a blend of natural comfort and enhanced durability. The synthetic component contributes to wrinkle resistance and color retention, addressing some of the common concerns associated with cotton scrubs.

Compared to scrubs made entirely of polyester, polyester viscose scrubs introduce a softer touch due to the inclusion of natural viscose fibers. This blend enhances the overall comfort of the garment, making it an attractive option for those who seek a balance between modernity and wearability.

Polyester viscose scrubs represent a modern evolution in medical apparel, offering healthcare professionals a contemporary alternative that marries comfort with durability. As the demand for innovative scrub materials continues, polyester viscose scrubs stands as a testament to the industry's commitment to meeting the diverse and evolving needs of those on the frontline of healthcare.


What type of fabric is commonly used for hospital scrubs?

Hospital scrubs are typically made from a blend of polyester & cotton fabric. The exact ratio may vary.

Why is polyester-cotton blend fabric preferred for scrubs?

Polyester-cotton blends offer a balance of comfort, durability, & easy maintenance, making them ideal for healthcare settings.

Are there any specific guidelines for the fabric content of hospital scrubs?

There are no strict guidelines, but most healthcare institutions prefer scrubs with at least 65% polyester & 35% cotton.

Why is cotton used in scrub fabric?

Cotton provides breathability, comfort, & moisture-wicking properties, making it suitable for long shifts.

Are there any alternatives to polyester-cotton blends for scrubs?

Yes, some scrubs are made from other materials like rayon or performance fabrics, but polyester-cotton blends remain the most common choice.

How do I choose the right fabric weight for hospital scrubs?

Fabric weight is a personal preference, but most prefer medium-weight fabric (around 4-5 oz/square yard) for a balance of comfort & durability.