Surgical vs Non- Surgical Areas of Specialization

After finishing their MBBS many students are confused about what to choose for PG. You may choose clinical surgery or non-clinical one. But it depends on what you want to become.

As you might have already realized, choosing your PG specialization is very important as you’re going to spend your entire life in this field. Choosing the wrong field for specialization can make you end up in a field that you hate.

Specialization in surgical as well as non-surgical areas is equally rewarding. It depends on the person about how much he/she is willing to offer to a field.

As both careers are equally rewarding let’s take a look at the branches of surgery and non-surgical branches for specialization:

Specialization as a surgeon is professionally, financially and personally very rewarding. But you need to be clear about what type of surgeon you want to become.

With the latest advancements in technology in surgery like the use of lasers and microscopes, surgeons have upgraded themselves.

Here are the different branches of surgery:

Branches of surgery:

General surgery: General surgery is a branch of surgery, and it is a very versatile field. It offers endoscopic surgery and video-assisted surgery.

This surgical specialty focuses on abdominal healing which includes the oesophagus, small intestines, pancreas, etc.


This is another area of surgical specialization it usually involves the musculoskeletal system, like bones, arteries, nerves, and joint muscles. The ortho usually treats the bone muscles and is trained to carry out surgeries related to bone health.

Here you can further choose your specialty in sports medicine, hand surgery, spine surgery etc.

Both orthopaedics and general surgery are equally rewarding in terms of professional growth.

Obstetrics and gynaecology:

This is another branch of surgery that deals with providing primary care to the female reproductive system and delivering of the child.

Generally obs gyn surgeons are trained in both being a gynac and an obstetrician.

The term obstetrician means one who is trained to care for newborn babies, delivering newborn babies.

The term gynac refers to the doctors who give care to the female reproductive system.

Taking into consideration our population, you’ll have a lot of work to do as an OBS GYN as every second hundred of babies are born, that’s how we’ve become one of the highest populated countries in the world.


Opthalmics, also referred to as eye doctors are known for treating issues with your eyes. However, they also perform surgeries on the eyes if required.

They generally treat glaucoma, do eye surgery, cataract surgery etc.

Opthalmology in India is a growing field, and it is as equally rewarding as orthopaedics, obs gyn, and general surgery.

Here were the top surgical specialities in India. Let’s take a look at the other surgical ones:

• Pediatric surgery

• Neurosurgery

• Cardiac surgery

These were all the trending surgical specialities in India. The most common surgeries carried out in India are cataracts, hernias, fractures and caesarean surgery. If you want to choose a growing field such as psecialization in surgery then you can choose ophthalmology, Obs gyn or orthopaedics.

Let’s take a look at the non-surgical areas of speciality:

Non-surgical specialities are as equally rewarding as surgical ones and here are the non-surgical areas for speciality:

Internal Medicine:

These are the doctors you generally consult at the initial stage of sickness. These are the most common types of doctors.


Anesthesiology generally has a relaxed work schedule. They’re needed at the time of surgery, before and after the surgery.

But their work can be sometimes hectic if it involves a patient who is not responding, or has overdosed on anaesthesia.


With the advancements in radiology, the work of radiologists has become quite fast. Radiologists are the ones who spend a lot of time in front of computers and scanners working with machines that take digital imaging of the patient.

Radiologists spend most of their hours behind the desk, analyzing the imaging, and writing reports.


These doctors specialize in providing care to the skin, hair and nails. They also treat disorders like dandruff, hair fall, acne and rashes. These were the top non-surgical areas of specialization. Others include:

• Pathology

• General medical officer

• Family medicine

Here was the distinction between surgical and non-surgical specialties. During PG you’ll be required to wear medical scrubs, chemistry lab apron, and surgical scrubs as uniforms. If you’re interested in buying medical apparel, then you’re at the right place.

Knya is the ultimate destination for medical apparel, here you can find scrubs, lab coats online at great quality and at affordable price.


What is the difference between surgical and non-surgical areas of specialization in the medical field?

All surgical and non-surgical areas of specialization have a broad difference. There’s no commonality between them. However, non-surgeons are referred to as doctors, but surgeons are referred to as doctors and surgeons as they’re trained in medicine and also carrying out surgeries. So, a surgeon can be a doctor, but a doctor cannot be a surgeon.

How does the training and education differ for surgeons and non-surgical specialists?

Surgeons are trained to carry out surgeries. They’re trained to use equipment like lasers, video equipment, and microscopes to carry out surgery. Surgeons are also doctors, and can also be surgeons, but doctors cannot be surgeons since they’re not trained to be one.

What are the work environments like for surgeons and non-surgical specialists?

The work environment for surgeons and non-surgeons depends on the type of hospital they work with. As there is a shortage of doctors in the country, many medicos are told to work long shits. Surgeons typically have an established schedule as compared to non-surgeons. But sometimes the shift timing of surgeons can be more depending on the type of surgery. Non-surgical specialities have long shifts, and their work environment can be hectic or have a balanced work life, depending on the hospital.