Is BDS Easier Than MBBS?

Choosing a career in the medical field often leads to a significant decision: whether to pursue a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) or a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS). Both paths lead to rewarding careers, but they have distinct differences in terms of curriculum, duration, and career prospects. A common question among aspiring medical students is whether BDS is easier than MBBS. This blog explores the key differences between the two courses to help you make an informed decision.

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BDS and MBBS are two prominent medical courses in India, each with its unique focus and career trajectory. While MBBS is geared towards training doctors to diagnose and treat a wide range of medical conditions, BDS is specialized in dental care and oral health. Understanding the nuances of both courses can help students decide which path aligns better with their interests and career goals.

Duration and Curriculum

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

  • Duration: The BDS course typically spans five years, including one year of internship.
  • Curriculum: The curriculum focuses on dental sciences and includes subjects such as General Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Dental Anatomy, Oral Pathology, Prosthodontics, and Periodontics. Clinical training is an integral part of the curriculum, where students gain hands-on experience in dental procedures.

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)

  • Duration: The MBBS course generally lasts five and a half years, including one year of compulsory rotating internship.
  • Curriculum: The curriculum is extensive and covers a wide range of medical sciences, including Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, and Community Medicine. Clinical rotations in various specialties such as Surgery, Medicine, Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology are crucial components of the training.

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Academic Rigor


  • Academic Load: The BDS course is specialized and focuses solely on dental sciences. While it is rigorous, the scope is narrower compared to MBBS.
  • Examinations: Students undergo periodic theoretical and practical examinations, with a significant emphasis on practical skills and patient management in the dental field.


  • Academic Load: The MBBS course is broader and more comprehensive, covering various aspects of medicine and surgery. The academic load is heavier due to the extensive syllabus and the requirement to master multiple disciplines.
  • Examinations: MBBS students face frequent theoretical, practical, and clinical examinations, with assessments covering a wide range of medical subjects.

Clinical Training


  • Clinical Exposure: BDS students start their clinical training in the third year, focusing on dental procedures such as fillings, extractions, root canal treatments, and prosthetic work. The clinical training is hands-on and patient-oriented, preparing students for a career in dentistry.


  • Clinical Exposure: MBBS students begin clinical rotations in the third year, working in various departments such as Surgery, Medicine, Pediatrics, and Obstetrics and Gynecology. The clinical training is diverse, providing students with a holistic understanding of patient care and management across different medical fields.

Career Prospects


  • Career Opportunities: Graduates can work as dental surgeons in hospitals, dental clinics, and academic institutions. They can also pursue higher studies in specialized fields such as Orthodontics, Periodontics, and Oral Surgery.
  • Scope: The scope is primarily confined to dental care and oral health, with opportunities for private practice or joining dental healthcare chains.


  • Career Opportunities: MBBS graduates have a wide range of career options, including practicing as general physicians, pursuing specialization through postgraduate courses (MD/MS), or working in hospitals, clinics, and research institutions.
  • Scope: The scope is broader, with opportunities to specialize in various medical fields such as Cardiology, Neurology, Pediatrics, and Surgery.


Whether BDS is easier than MBBS depends on individual interests, strengths, and career aspirations. While BDS offers a specialized pathway with a focus on dental sciences, MBBS provides a comprehensive education in medicine and surgery. Both courses are rigorous and require dedication and hard work. Aspiring medical students should consider their passion for the subject, career goals, and long-term plans when making this important decision.

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Is BDS less competitive than MBBS?

Admission to both BDS and MBBS courses is competitive, but the cut-off ranks for MBBS are generally higher due to the broader scope and higher demand.

Can BDS graduates switch to MBBS?

No, BDS graduates cannot switch to MBBS directly. They need to clear the MBBS entrance exams and start the MBBS course from the beginning.

Is the earning potential higher for MBBS graduates compared to BDS graduates?

In general, MBBS graduates have a higher earning potential due to the broader scope of practice and the ability to specialize in various high-demand medical fields.

Are there entrance exams specific to BDS?

Yes, the NEET-UG entrance exam is required for admission to both MBBS and BDS courses in India.

Which course has a longer duration?

Both courses are similar in duration, with BDS lasting five years and MBBS lasting five and a half years, including internships.

Can BDS graduates pursue postgraduate studies?

Yes, BDS graduates can pursue MDS (Master of Dental Surgery) in various dental specializations.

Is the clinical exposure in BDS limited compared to MBBS?

BDS clinical exposure is specialized in dental procedures, while MBBS clinical exposure covers a wide range of medical fields.

Are the job opportunities more abundant for MBBS graduates?

MBBS graduates generally have more diverse job opportunities due to the broader scope of medical practice.

Do BDS students have to undergo an internship?

Yes, BDS students must complete a one-year rotating internship as part of their curriculum.

Is it easier to get a government job with a BDS or MBBS degree?

Both BDS and MBBS graduates can secure government jobs, but MBBS graduates typically have more opportunities in various healthcare sectors.

Can BDS graduates work in non-clinical roles?

Yes, BDS graduates can work in academic roles, research, or dental product development.

Are there any scholarships available for BDS and MBBS students?

Yes, various scholarships are available for both BDS and MBBS students from government and private institutions.