How to Become an MBBS Doctor After 12th

Pursuing a career in medicine is a dream for many students around the world. Becoming a doctor requires dedication, hard work, and a clear understanding of the path ahead. If you aspire to become an MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) doctor after completing your 12th grade, this guide will provide you with a comprehensive roadmap to achieve your goal.

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The journey to becoming an MBBS doctor starts right after you complete your 12th grade. This pathway involves rigorous academic preparation, entrance exams, and years of medical education and training. After securing admission to a medical college through competitive entrance exams like NEET, students undergo a five-and-a-half-year program that includes theoretical studies, practical training, and a mandatory internship. Understanding the steps involved can help you plan effectively, manage the demanding curriculum, and increase your chances of success in this noble profession.

Step-by-Step Guide to Becoming an MBBS Doctor After 12th

1. Choose the Right Subjects in 12th Grade

To pursue an MBBS degree, you need to choose the Science stream in your 12th grade with a focus on the following subjects:

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Biology
  • English

A strong foundation in these subjects is crucial as they form the basis of your medical entrance exams and future medical studies.

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2. Prepare for Medical Entrance Exams

The most important step in the journey to becoming an MBBS doctor is to prepare for the medical entrance exams. In India, the primary entrance exam for MBBS is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET-UG). Here’s how to prepare:

  • Understand the Syllabus: The NEET-UG syllabus covers topics from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology based on the 11th and 12th-grade curriculum.
  • Create a Study Plan: Allocate specific times for each subject and ensure consistent study hours.
  • Use Quality Study Materials: Refer to NCERT textbooks, reference books, and online resources.
  • Practice Regularly: Solve previous years' question papers and take mock tests to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and improve time management.

3. Appear for the NEET-UG Exam

Once you have prepared thoroughly, the next step is to appear for the NEET-UG exam. The exam typically consists of:

  • Physics: 45 questions
  • Chemistry: 45 questions
  • Biology: 90 questions (Botany and Zoology)

The total marks for the exam are 720, and the duration is 3 hours. Your NEET-UG score will determine your eligibility for admission to various medical colleges across India.

4. Apply for MBBS Admission

Based on your NEET-UG score and rank, you can apply for MBBS admission through the centralized counseling process. The steps include:

  • Registration: Register on the official counseling website.
  • Choice Filling: Select your preferred medical colleges and courses.
  • Seat Allotment: Based on your rank, preferences, and seat availability, you will be allotted a seat in a medical college.
  • Reporting: Once you are allotted a seat, report to the college with the required documents for verification and complete the admission process.

5. Complete the MBBS Program

After securing admission, you will embark on your MBBS journey, which typically spans five and a half years, including one year of internship. The program includes:

  • Basic Sciences: Subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry in the initial years.
  • Clinical Training: Subjects like Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, and Forensic Medicine.
  • Internship: A compulsory rotating internship in various medical specialties to gain hands-on clinical experience.


Becoming an MBBS doctor after 12th grade requires dedication, hard work, and a strategic approach. By choosing the right subjects, preparing thoroughly for entrance exams, and successfully completing the MBBS program, you can achieve your dream of becoming a doctor. This journey not only demands academic excellence but also a passion for medicine and a commitment to patient care. In addition, aspiring doctors must develop strong interpersonal skills, stay updated with the latest medical advancements, and be willing to engage in continuous learning throughout their careers. Balancing clinical practice with ethical responsibilities is essential to providing high-quality healthcare and making a positive impact on the lives of patients.

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What is the eligibility criteria for NEET-UG?

The eligibility criteria for NEET-UG include completing 12th grade with Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English with a minimum aggregate score of 50% (40% for reserved categories).

How many attempts can I take for NEET-UG?

As of the latest guidelines, there is no limit on the number of attempts for NEET-UG.

Can I prepare for NEET-UG without coaching?

Yes, with a disciplined study plan, quality study materials, and regular practice, you can prepare for NEET-UG without coaching.

What is the age limit for appearing in NEET-UG?

The minimum age limit is 17 years, and the maximum age limit is 25 years (30 years for reserved categories).

What are the subjects covered in the MBBS program?

The MBBS program covers subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine, Community Medicine, and various clinical subjects.

How is the NEET-UG score calculated?

The NEET-UG score is calculated based on the number of correct answers. Each correct answer awards 4 marks, while each incorrect answer deducts 1 mark.

What documents are required for MBBS admission?

Required documents include NEET-UG scorecard, 12th grade mark sheet, identity proof, passport-sized photographs, and category certificate (if applicable).

Can I pursue MBBS abroad?

Yes, many countries offer MBBS programs for international students. You need to clear the respective country's entrance exams and fulfill their eligibility criteria.

Is it necessary to complete an internship after MBBS?

Yes, a one-year rotating internship is mandatory after completing the MBBS course to gain practical experience in various medical specialties.

What career options are available after completing MBBS?

Career options include pursuing postgraduate studies (MD/MS), practicing as a general physician, or specializing in various fields through super-specialty courses.