Confused about the types of dialyzers and their applications?
When you’re working for a nephrologist or a hospital, you’ll encounter patients who need dialyzers.
The patient comes to you. You do certain checks on them and then apply dialyzers. But there are different types of dialyzers, and their applications are different here’s why knowing what type to use can help you in the long run.
But, firstly, What is a dialyzer?
A dialyzer is also known as an artificial kidney. When the kidneys of patients are at higher risk or have partially or fully stopped functioning, they need a dialysis treatment.
The function of the kidney is to purify blood, and remove toxins and waste from the blood. When the kidney has stopped functioning in patients, then this task is taken over by the dialysis machine.
But what is the application of a dialyzer?
A dialyzer machine mixes and monitors dialysate. Dialysate is a liquid that works to remove waste and toxins from the blood.
The dialyzer also helps in keeping a good balance of electrolytes and minerals in your body, and it also helps in monitoring the flow of blood in your body.
But not all dialyzers do the same thing. There are different dialyzers a patient may need based on the type of treatment they need.
What are the different types of dialyzers?
There are mainly two types of dialyzers. There is a high flux dialyzer and a low flu dialyzer.
Here the flux refers to the membranes of the dialyzer through which toxins and waste of the blood pass through.
The high flux dialyzers:
The high flux dialyzers are recommended by nephrologists for patients who have higher amounts of toxins in their blood.
The high flux dialyzers have larger pores in the membrane of the dialyzer that allow the diffusion of a larger amount of toxins.
The use of a high flux dialyzer may reduce risks of amyloidosis which happens because of dialysis treatment.
Low flux dialyzers:
Then comes the low flux dialyzers. The low flux dialyzers are used when the patient undergoes acute chronic dialysis.
When a lower rate of fluid removal is desired in the patient's body, the doctors generally use the low flux dialyzer machine on the patient.
Then there is another type of dialyzer apart from high flux and low flux dialyzers that has shown good results.
Medium cut-off dialyzers:
The middle cut-off dialyzers remove larger middle molecules associated with symptoms related to uremic retention solutes. Though the longer-term effects of this machine are unclear it has shown good results for clearance of larger middle molecules.
Here you go, now you know all the different types of dialyzers and their applications. When it comes to dialyzers, nephrologists generally choose which type of dialyzer to choose.
They may choose the high flux or low flux dialyzer based on the results they want to see in their patients.
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