How Many Doctors are Produced in India Every Year?


India, with its vast and diverse population, has a pressing need for a robust healthcare system. Central to this system are the doctors who play a crucial role in delivering healthcare services across urban and rural areas. The country has numerous medical colleges and institutions dedicated to training the next generation of doctors. But how many doctors does India produce every year? This blog delves into the details of medical education in India, the number of medical graduates annually, and the implications for the healthcare sector.

Browse best Scrubs Collection

Medical Education in India

  1. Types of Medical Degrees:
    • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery): The primary medical degree required to practice as a doctor in India. The course duration is typically 5.5 years, including a one-year mandatory internship.
    • Postgraduate Degrees: MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), and other specialized programs for further training.
    • Other Degrees: BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery), BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery), BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery), among others.
  2. Number of Medical Colleges:
    • As of 2023, India has over 600 medical colleges. This includes government-run institutions, private colleges, and deemed universities.
    • AIIMS (All India Institutes of Medical Sciences) and other premier institutions like JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research) are renowned for their quality of education and training.

Annual Intake and Graduates

  1. MBBS Seats:
    • The number of MBBS seats in India has been increasing over the years. As of 2023, there are approximately 92,000 MBBS seats available across various medical colleges.
    • The distribution of seats includes those reserved for various categories (SC, ST, OBC, EWS) as well as management and NRI quotas in private institutions.
  2. Annual Graduates:
    • Each year, around 70,000 to 80,000 students graduate with an MBBS degree in India. This figure is an estimate based on the total number of seats and the typical graduation rate.
    • In addition to MBBS, thousands of students graduate with other medical degrees such as BDS, BAMS, and BHMS.

Challenges in Medical Education

  1. Quality vs. Quantity:
    • While the number of medical graduates is substantial, ensuring the quality of education and training remains a challenge. Some medical colleges face issues related to infrastructure, faculty, and clinical exposure.
  2. Rural-Urban Divide:
    • A significant proportion of medical graduates prefer to work in urban areas, leading to a shortage of doctors in rural and remote regions. This disparity affects healthcare delivery in underserved areas.
  3. Postgraduate Education:
    • The number of postgraduate seats (MD/MS) is limited compared to the number of MBBS graduates. This creates intense competition and pressure for those seeking specialized training.

Explore All Women's Scrub

Government Initiatives

  1. Increasing Medical Seats:
    • The government has been working to increase the number of MBBS and postgraduate seats to address the growing healthcare needs of the population.
    • New medical colleges are being established, and existing ones are being upgraded to accommodate more students.
  2. National Medical Commission (NMC):
    • The NMC has replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI) to regulate medical education and practice. It aims to improve the standards of medical education and ensure uniformity across institutions.
  3. Incentives for Rural Service:
    • To address the rural-urban divide, various state governments offer incentives such as additional marks in entrance exams, financial benefits, and preferential postings for doctors willing to serve in rural areas.


India produces a significant number of doctors each year, with approximately 70,000 to 80,000 MBBS graduates annually. This is a crucial step towards meeting the healthcare needs of a large and diverse population. However, challenges related to the quality of education, rural-urban disparity, and limited postgraduate opportunities persist. The government's initiatives to increase the number of medical seats, improve educational standards, and incentivize rural service are essential to ensuring a well-distributed and competent healthcare workforce. As India continues to evolve its medical education system, the goal remains to produce not just a large number of doctors, but skilled professionals capable of delivering quality healthcare across the nation.


How many MBBS seats are available in India?

As of 2023, there are approximately 92,000 MBBS seats available across various medical colleges in India.

What is the duration of the MBBS course in India?

The MBBS course typically lasts 5.5 years, including a one-year mandatory internship.

How many medical colleges are there in India?

There are over 600 medical colleges in India, including government, private, and deemed universities.

What are the postgraduate medical courses available in India?

Postgraduate medical courses include MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), and various diploma and fellowship programs in specialized fields.

Is there a difference in the quality of education between government and private medical colleges?

The quality of education can vary widely between institutions. While many government colleges are renowned for their quality, some private colleges also offer excellent education and facilities.

How competitive is the admission process for MBBS in India?

The admission process is highly competitive due to the limited number of seats and the high number of applicants. NEET-UG is the primary entrance exam for MBBS admissions.

What incentives are offered to doctors willing to work in rural areas?

Incentives include additional marks in entrance exams, financial benefits, and preferential postings for those willing to serve in rural and underserved areas.

What is the role of the National Medical Commission (NMC)?

The NMC regulates medical education and practice in India, aiming to improve standards and ensure uniformity across institutions.

Can foreign students pursue MBBS in India?

Yes, foreign students can pursue MBBS in India, provided they meet the eligibility criteria and secure admission through the appropriate channels.

What are the career prospects for MBBS graduates in India?

MBBS graduates can pursue various career paths, including clinical practice, postgraduate education, research, and roles in healthcare management and administration.

How many doctors practice in rural areas in India?

The exact number varies, but a significant proportion of doctors prefer urban practice, leading to a shortage in rural areas.

What are the challenges faced by new medical graduates in India?

Challenges include intense competition for postgraduate seats, finding suitable job opportunities, and dealing with the rural-urban disparity in healthcare services.

Are there any scholarships available for medical students in India?

Yes, various scholarships and financial aid options are available for medical students based on merit and financial need.

How does India’s doctor-to-population ratio compare internationally?

India’s doctor-to-population ratio is lower than that of many developed countries, highlighting the need for more medical professionals.

What initiatives are being taken to improve medical education in India?

Initiatives include increasing the number of medical seats, improving infrastructure, and implementing new regulations through the NMC to enhance the quality of medical education.